Pappenheim and Mühsam

Overview of the Pappenheim and Mühsam families


To understand how to read the family listings, click HERE.

   Seligmann PAPPENHEIM (born in Bavaria) & Hinda ZÜLZ

       Hinda Zülz was the granddaughter of Simon GLOGAU.  Simon’s son, Itzig CRZELLITZ, was born towards the end of the 1600’s, and married Nachme LEWY.  They had the following children: Simon CRZELLITZ, Moses GUHRAU, Joseph WARTENBERG, Bormann ZÜLZ, and Hinda ZÜLZ, who married Seligmann PAPPENHEIM.  Hinda and Seligmann’s children and grandchildren are shown below, together with links to the pages listing each of their further descendants.

  1.    Pinkus MÜHSAM (formerly PAPPENHEIM) (1737 - 28 July 1807) & Barbara/Bertha/Berocho JOSEPH JONAS ( - 14 August 1822)

       The story of Pinkus and Bertha is given in the introduction to this page (above).  They has a total of nine children, who were:

  1.    Maria MÜHSAM (formerly PAPPENHEIM)* & Hirsch JACOB

  2.    Maria MÜHSAM (formerly PAPPENHEIM)* & Jonas LAX

           Maria was married twice but I have no record of any children.

  1.    Pesse MÜHSAM (formerly PAPPENHEIM) (14 October 1776 - 28 January 1845) & Jacob SORAUER

            Pesse Mühsam and Jacob Sorauer are my direct ancestors.  You can find their descendants on the SORAUER page.

  1.    Frommet MÜHSAM (formerly PAPPENHEIM) & Benjamin BAGINSKY

            The descendants of Frommet and Benjamin BAGINSKY are found on the BAGINSKY page.

  1.    Esther MÜHSAM (formerly PAPPENHEIM)* & Samuel SCHWEITZER

             Esther was married twice, but Siegfried Mühsam lists all her children as being with her first husband, Samuel.  Their descendants can be found HERE.

  1.    Esther MÜHSAM (formerly PAPPENHEIM)* & Salomon HEILBORN

  2.    Rösel MÜHSAM (formerly PAPPENHEIM) (about 1790 - ) & Itzig PAPPENHEIM ( - 15 August 1838)

           Rösel married her cousin Itzig (son of Simon PAPPENHEIM, below).  Their descendants are found HERE.  They include the group known as “Nanny’s Clan.”

  1.    Charlotte MÜHSAM (formerly PAPPENHEIM)* & Abraham SITTENFELD

  2.    Charlotte MÜHSAM (formerly PAPPENHEIM)* & Michael RECHNITZ

            Charlotte was also married twice.  Her one known son was with her husband Abraham SITTENFELD, however they later re-took the name MÜHSAM, as discussed HERE.

  1.    Seligmann MÜHSAM (formerly PAPPENHEIM) ( - 30 April 1831) & Dorothea COHN

            Most of the known Mühsams are descended from either Seligmann or his brother Joseph.  Seligmann and his wife Dorothea’s descendants are found HERE.

  1.    Joseph Pincus MÜHSAM (formerly PAPPENHEIM) (1785 - 8 February 1842) & Channa/Johanna PICK

            Joseph and Channa/Johanna’s descendants are found HERE.

  1.    Karl MÜHSAM (formerly PAPPENHEIM)

            No wife or descendants of Karl Mühsam are known

  1.    Salomon PAPPENHEIM (2 February 1740 - March 4 or 5, 1814)

            Salomon Pappenheim was a famous Rabbi in Zülz in Silesia.  He and his family are found HERE.

  1.    Simon PAPPENHEIM (1731 - 1819).

            Simon’s descendants include those of Rösel Mühsam, listed above, who married his son Pinkus.  They are the ancestors of the group “Nanny’s Clan” and are listed HERE.

  1.    Löbel PAPPENHEIM

           No wife or descendants of Löbel PAPPENHEIM are known, but see the Salomon PAPPENHEIM page for possible descendants.

  1.    Valentin PAPPENHEIM

           Valentin PAPPENHEIM is not listed in the Siegfried Mühsam book, but there is significant evidence indicating that he was also a son of Seligmann. Several of his descendants became very prominent in France in the 20th century. His descendants can be found on THIS PAGE.

*People with asterisks after their names were married two or more times.  They have a separate line for each spouse.

The data on the Pappenheim and Mühsam descendants are divided among ten pages.  The others are: PAPPENHEIM I, PAPPENHEIM II, PAPPENHEIM III, MÜHSAM I, MÜHSAM II, MÜHSAM III, SORAUER, BAGINSKI, and SCHWEITZER.  How the different branches of the family are related is shown below.

Seligmann Pappenheim, who lived in the early 1700‘s, has over 1300 descendants that I have a record of.  This page gives an overview of the Pappenheim and Mühsam families, and has links to the pages with detailed lists of their descendants.

Seligmann Pappenheim came from Bavaria to the town of Zülz in Silesia, which is now the Polish town of Biala (see MAP).  There he married Hinda Zülz.  They had five children, Pinkus (shown at right), Salomon, Simon, Löbel, and Valentin.

The Seven Years War took place from 1756 to 1763.  It has been called the first world war, because it involved all the countries of Europe plus their overseas colonies.  In the U.S., when we learn about it in school, we call it the French and Indian War.  On one side was Prussia, led by Frederick the Great, and its allies, including England.  On the other side was the Habsburg Empire of Austria and its allies, including France, Russia, and Sweden.  On December 5, 1757 the Battle of Leuthen occurred in which Frederick the Great’s Prussian Army decisively defeated the much larger Austrian army.  This battle established Frederick as Europe’s greatest general, and his soldiers as Europe’s best.  One soldier who fought in that battle was the 19 year old Pinkus Pappenheim (1737-1807), one of Seligmann’s sons.  Pinkus distinguished himself during that battle by saving the life of a wounded Prussian officer by carrying him on his back through the battle to the Prussian field surgeon.  When asked at the award ceremony what he wanted in return for his heroism, Pinkus replied, “nothing.”  They made him a corporal, and gave him a letter to use in case he ever found himself in trouble.

After the war, Pinkus married Bertha Joseph in his mother’s home town of Zülz.  He and Bertha bought land near the town of Pitschen (now called Byczyna, it was in Silesia, now it is in western Poland, about 70 km west of Breslau/Wroclaw, see MAP) where they set out to build a house.  However, the town magistrate didn’t want any Jews living there and ordered them to leave, using the 1555 Law of Exclusion.  Pinkus fought a legal battle to stay, until the King intervened.  The King declared that anyone who fought for his rights with such effort (“Mühe”) deserved to stay.  The King furthermore ordered Pinkus Pappenheim to thereafter use the name “Mühsam” so that future generations would know that he was a man of honor and remember his heroism at the Battle of Leuthen.  Pinkus and Bertha then reentered the town of Pitschen “to the citizen’s fanfare.”

Pinkus and Bertha (also called Barbara or Berocho) had nine children.  Each of their children has a separate page on this website for themselves and their descendants which can be linked to below.

Pinkus had four brothers.  One, Salomon (1740 - 1814), was a famous rabbi.  The pages of the brothers and their descendants can also be linked to below.

The portrait on the right belongs to Geoff Neuhaus, a Pappenheim descendant, and has been handed down through the generations.  There is some question as to who it actually is; it may be of Pinkus’ father, Seligmann, or of his brother, Simon.  More portraits can be seen at the Pappenheim family Wiki website, found HERE.

My own connection to the Pappenheim family is through Pinkus’ daughter Pesse, who married Jacob Sorauer.  Pinkus was my great-great-great-great-great-grandfather.

My major source of information about the Pappenheim and Mühsam families comes from a book entitled, “Geschichte des Namens Mühsam” (History of the Name Mühsam), written by Siegfried Mühsam (father of the poet-anarchist, Erich Mühsam) in 1912.  This book gives the whole history of the family up until the time it was written.  Additional information about the Mühsam family can be found in the book (also in German), “Die Mühsams, Geschichte einer Familie”, by Christoph Hamann, published in 2005.  I also received much help from other researchers especially Jane Muehsam in Australia, Cary Aufseeser, Henry Gunby, and Geoff Neuhaus. A large amount of data was also collected by Roger Lustig.  A big thanks to all of them.

Note that if the same name is listed twice, with an asterisk after it (Maria MÜHSAM, for example), it means that person had two or more spouses, with one line given for each spouse.

Pinkus Mühsam

formerly Pappenheim


Click here for HOME page.            Click here for INDEX.

If you are related to anyone on this page I would very much like to hear from you.  You can contact me at geneo (at) or

Daniel Kester

Page added: March 8, 2009            Last update: April 4, 2010

TERMS OF USE- All material contained on this site is provided for the free use of those researching their family origins. Commercial use by anyone is strictly prohibited. Uploading or contributing to commercial genealogy publishers, religion associated sites (e.g. LDS), .com companies & advertisers is prohibited.  If you would like to re-publish any of this data on another non-commercial website, or anywhere else, please contact me. 

For information on DLC: hard low friction diamond-like thin film coatings, go to

Next PagePappenheim_I.html
Previous PageRosenstern.html